The Landscape of Grand Pré is a polder created for farmland by the Acadian community.
Originally a Marshland inhabited by native Mi’kmaq people, the reclamation of the land was carried out in stages in the 17th and 18th century.
It is considered the best example of a historic polder in North America. It is still a living Cultural landscape of farming.
Grand Pré is also the place of memory for the Acadian diaspora. These descendants of the 17th-century French colonists were deported from here in 1755 by the British colonial officers.
Wojciech Fedoruk - October 2014
Grand Pre is a cultural landscape located in the northeastern part of Nova Scotia, on the southern shore of Bay of Fundy. This part of the province is not very crowded and the landscape itself is not spectacular, especially comparing to the beautiful ocean views in the south. The site is connected with the history of Acadians, French settlers of this place, expelled by the British in the middle of 18th century. The World Heritage Centre is devoted to the history of Acadians, their daily life and exile. Then, visitors may walk to the surrounding meadow, garden and church (actually, serving as another museum of Acadia rather than as a place of religious ceremonies). The historical part was quite interesting but I am sure that if was not inscribed as WHS, it would not attract many tourists. Being there do not forget to drive along the polder to the sea shore, which during early summer is a place of stop for thousands of migrating birds (I did not see any in September).
By the way, the WH centre informs that the place is the newest WHS in Canada, which is not true since Red Bay Basque Whaling Station was inscribed in 2013.
Janelle Bourque Hoffart - July 2012
As a direct descendant of those deported in 1775, I finally felt like pieces of my life had come together and I had a real connection to my past. When I arrived at Grand Pre, I felt like I had come home. It was also a very humbling experience to walk where my ancestors lived and eventually left from.The land where I grew up in Louisiana had always been important since this is the area my family settled after leaving "Acadie". Now I know why. The beauty of Grand Pre was indescribable. It is a place I want to return to again.
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Full name: The Landscape of Grand Pré
2012 - InscribedReasons for inscription
The site has 9 connections.
- Tidal effects marked by one of the most extreme tidal ranges in the world, averaging at 11.6 metres (Unesco)
- Sieges and Battles Battle of Grand Pré (February 10-11, 1747) between British and French forces, Siege of Grand Pré (November 27-December 4 , 1749) between British and Mi'kmaq, Maliseet and Acadians
- Built in the 17th century The first attempts at colonization by the French, in this maritime region of North America, date back to the 17th century + creation of polders was started in 1680 (AB ev)
World Heritage Process
- Associative Cultural Landscape Cultural Landscape & criterion vi: Its memorial constructions form the centre of the symbolic re-appropriation of the land of their origins by the Acadians, in the 20th century, in a spirit of peace and cultural sharing with the English-speaking community. (AB ev)
- Continuing Cultural Landscape