Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont
The Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferratois is a harmonious landscape of cultivated hillsides, hilltop villages and other built elements.
It is one of the most ancient wine-producing regions in the world. The earliest traces date back to the 5th century BCE. It developed further during the Roman period. Since the 19th century it has become one of the main centers of the international wine trade, producing well-known wines such as Barolo, Barbaresco, Barbera, Asti Spumante and Canelli Spumante.
This is a serial nomination of 6 separate locations: 5 winegrowing areas plus the Castle of Cavour (belonging to the Count of Cavour, the driving force behind modern winegrowing in Piedmont):
1. Langa of Barolo
2. Château Grinzane Cavour
3. Hills of Barbaresco
4. Nizza Monferrato – Barbera
5. Canelli and Asti Spumante
6. Monferrato of the Infernot
Visit August 2016
I’m down to 3 in my quest to ‘complete’ Italy: Mt. Etna on Sicily and Su Nuraxi di Barumini on Sardinia are still beckoning. Interesting sites, but a bit too far away for a weekend trip. So (with a little reluctance) I settled for the 3rd remaining WHS: the Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont. This is a serial nomination of 6 sites in Northern Italy, situated east and south of Turin. Within this group, I focused on the wine growing area of Nizza Monferrato.
Nizza Monferrato is the namesake of Nice in the Provence (called Nizza or Nizza Marittima in Italian): both once belonged to Duchy of Savoy and got their suffixes to distinguish between the two. I travelled to the Italian Nizza by a combination of train and bus from Turin. The trip takes about 1.5 hours, and a transfer is needed in Asti. From that point on the flat surroundings of the northern industrial cities are replaced by a landscape of cultivated hills. That’s where the WH area begins.
The bus travels via one or two interesting hillside villages such as Mongiardina. I expected Nizza Monferrato to be something similar, but this is a fairly large town of over 10,000 inhabitants. In the nomination dossier it is highlighted as the best example of a vilanova: a medieval settlement with a main, arch-lined street and a market square for the sale of local products.
So there I was, in the city center. But what’s to see? I had noted down a few sights that are named in the nomination dossier: there should be a market, 19th century ‘devanture displays’ like a bottle resting on a wine glass, a Museum of Taste and an Etnographical Museum. On my first round of the center however I only encountered locals enjoying their first coffee of the day and chatting with their neighbours. Signs to city attractions are seriously lacking, and I only had a basic map. I eventually found my way to the Palazzo Crova. This 18th century villa nowadays houses a wine bar & shop, plus the Museum of Taste. Noone was around though and the doors to the Museum were closed.
I was similarly unlucky with the Museo Bersano, the etnographical museum. This lies just across the street from the train station. They have an outdoor exhibition of tools used in the wine industry. It sounded as the most interesting thing to see in Nizza Monferrato, but I encountered another closed door. The museum is only open between 9 and 11 on weekdays! This must be a recent change, as the hours advertised on the internet are much longer and include weekends. I had to console myself with looking at some of the exhibits through the closed iron gates.
Rather desperate now I tried to find another mysterious sight described in the nomination dossier: “a multi-storey residential building, from the early twentieth century, richly decorated with graffiti representing bunches of grapes placed in vertical ornamental stringcourse”. Could this be the one? By ‘graffiti’ they probably meant ‘sgraffito’ and not the spray paint type. My expectations of this WHS weren’t already high beforehand, but this visit was totally underwhelming. And although vineyard landscape aren’t among my favourite kind of WHS, I have spent some pleasant days in Lavaux, St. Emillion and Champagne. This part of the Piedmont though is very built-up and winemaking is big business.
John Booth - September 2015
I spent some time touring Asti, Alba and Nizza Manfrotto in Piedmont in search of the OUV of this site, but it eluded me. I had previously visited the vinyards of St Emilion and Lavaux, both of which seemed outstanding. So I hope that the new WHSs of Champagne and Burgundy offer more in terms of OUV.
Producing good wine does not to my mind create OUV. We have superior wines produced in New Zealand, but I doubt that the vinyards here would claim any OUV.
Frederik Dawson - June 2014
Today vineyard and more vineyards tomorrow, the groaning words from my cousin that I heard almost every day when we had to join our parents wine trip in France, Switzerland and Northern Italy, from Champagne to Barolo, the ultimate trip for wine lovers! I have to admit that in that time I was not happy, but at the end at least two vineyards from that trip have become World Heritage Sites and many still waiting to be listed, and that make me quite happy at least I don’t have to revisit those vineyards again.
As I mentioned Barolo was one of our destinations, after long trip in French vineyards, I entered Italy with high expectation for some change to cure my overdose on French wine. The hilly vineyard landscape of Piedmont is really beautiful and so contrast with much lower hill of Burgundy and Champagne. The villages are really pretty and there even has castles on the top of the hill, a beautiful place indeed. Apart from geography and architectures, I could not see much difference from other famous vineyard in France. And I have to admit that I did not have time to appreciate the place, most of the time was spent on wine testing and wine shopping. Apart from the vineyard, we went to Barolo castle, to see old wine and olive oil pressing machine and other many small villages including the famous and beautiful La Morra and Barbaresco. Strangely I don’t know why we skipped Asti, another famous area for Italian sparkling wine and Monferrato for Ruche. Anyway the Barolo and Barbaresco wines are unquestionably good and pair perfectly with northern Italian cuisine.
We continued our wine trip to Lavaux, another wine region in Switzerland and World Heritage Site via beautiful alpine vineyard of Morgex in Valle d’Aosta. One of the things I tried to tell myself during that trip was that each vineyard is different; there is no similarity in the landscape, the soil, the grapes, the winemaking process, the products, and the wine price. The differences that need time and love to understand the uniqueness of each vineyard, but for me, after Champagne, Burgundy, Arbois and Rhone, vineyards finally become just another vineyard, and amazing that eight years after, I still suffer from that trip and don’t want to visit anymore vineyard.
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Full name: The Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato
2014 - InscribedReasons for inscription
2012 - DeferredComponents, boundaries, buffer zones
The site has 6 locations.
The site has 9 connections.
Religion and Belief
- Franciscans The historical hospital Santo Spirito at Nizza Monferrato used to be run by the Franciscans
- Built in the 5th century BC Vine pollen has been found in the area dating from the 5th century BC (Nom File).
World Heritage Process
- Reduced from broader TWHS Wine Grape landscapes: Langhe, Roero, Monferrato and Valtellina