Petroglyphs of the Mongolian Altai
The Petroglyphs of the Mongolian Altai are one of the largest, oldest and least damaged concentrations of rock art in North Asia.
The earliest images date from the Late Pleistocene (11,000 years BP). They extend into the Bronze Age, Iron Age and Turkic period (9th century). The images evoke historical cultural landscapes, and lead to a better understanding of pre-historic communities in this area of Asia.
The petroglyphs are spread out over a large area in valleys at the remote western edge of the Altai mountains. They are enclosed within 3 areas, some 35-40km apart:
- Aral Tolgoi
- Upper Tsagaan Gol (lived in by Tuva families, sacred mountain)
- Tsagaan Salaa-Baga Oigor (most extensive)
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Full name: Petroglyphs of the Mongolian Altai
2011 - InscribedReasons for inscription
2011 - RevisionIncludes former TWHS Tsagaan salaa rock painting (1996) and The Upper Tsagaan Gol Complex (2009)
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Religion and Belief
- Sacred Mountains Shiviit Khairkhan - "The mountain is still considered sacred by local people." (AB ev)
- Late Pleistocene Oldest petroglyphs date from the Late Pleistocene (AB ev)
- Excavated by American Universities University of Oregon
World Heritage Process
- Derived from more than one TWHS Includes former TWHS Tsagaan salaa rock painting (1996) and The Upper Tsagaan Gol Complex (2009)
- Inscribed on a single criterion only iii. to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared