Persian Garden

Bagh-e Chehel Sotun in Isfahan

"The Persian Garden" comprises nine gardens from different epochs and climates. They derive from the Chahar Bagh model: the division of a site into 4 sectors, opening out into the 4 cardinal directions.

The tradition and style in the garden design of Persian gardens has influenced the design of gardens from Andalusia to India and beyond. The design is dominated by geometry and the use of water as a central element. This dates back to the 6th Century BC.


Community Reviews

Joyce van Soest - January 2012

All over Iran you can find beautiful gardens. Nine of them are inscribed on the list and I visited six of them.

To fully appreciate it, you should visit the gardens not in wintertime, which unfortunately I did. Most of the fountains in the gardens won't have water in it and the trees are mostly without leaves and there will barely be any flowers.

I did enjoy them nonetheless.

I first visited Bagh-e Eram in Shiraz. There was no water in the canals but the turquoise pond in front of the beautiful Eram palace and the surrounding palm trees from the Canary Islands were lovely.

Another one is in Pasargadae (a UNESCO site inside a UNESCO site). Since Pasargadae is an archaeological site, there is little left over from the garden. The only thing left from the garden is the outline of the watering canals.

The Bagh-e Shahzadeh (picture) in Mahan has a really nice long split-level fountain (fortunately there was water flowing, although I heard that a few weeks before my visit it was completely dry).

Only half of the Bagh-e Dolat Abad in the desert city of Yazd is open to the public, but it's still nice to visit, mostly because of the pavilion with the stain glass windows and the largest wind tower of the city (when you stand underneath it you can really feel the wind).

The Bagh-e Chehel Sotun in Esfahan has the palace I liked the most. It has amazing frescoes on the inside and the outside.

The last one I visited was the Bagh-e Tarikhi-ye Fin in Kashan. It has a really nice small pavilion, a bath house and the small museum hosts some really nice pieces. It was also one of the few gardens that had water running through it in winter.

Even though winter is not the best time to visit the gardens, I still enjoyed visiting them. On Fridays lots of families will visit the gardens and on other days you are likely to bump into young couples who will offer you tea.

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Site Info

Full name: The Persian Garden

Site History


The site has 9 locations.

  • Ancient Garden of Pasargadae
  • Bagh-e Abas Abad
  • Bagh-e Akbariyeh
  • Bagh-e Chehel Sotun
  • Bagh-e Dolat Abad
  • Bagh-e Eram
  • Bagh-e Fin
  • Bagh-e Pahlavanpur
  • Bagh-e Shahzadeh


The site has 13 connections.


  • Badgir Bagh-e Dolat Abad
  • Chahar Bagh Gardens All 9 gardens follow the "Chahar Bagh" lay-out. The Nomination file provides a detailed history of the concept and its religious and philosophical underpinning (E.g - "a form of garden which attempts to emulate Eden, (the four principal elements of sky, earth, water, plant) representing the world." )



  • Assassinations In 1852 Amir Kabir, the Qajar Chancellor (widely considered to be "Iran's first reformer", a modernizer who was "unjustly struck down" as he attempted to bring "gradual reform" to Iran. As the prime-minister, he also ordered the killing of many Babis and the execution of the founder of the movement, the Báb), was murdered at the bath in the Fin Garden by an assassin sent by King Nasereddin Shah. See -

Religion and Belief

  • Zoroastrianism "Symbolic of the creation of Eden as well as the four Zoroastrian elements of sky, earth, water and plants" (AB)


  • Built in the 6th century BC Pasargadae complex with its garden (6th century BC) is exemplary in this respect and it was during this period that the main elements of the Persian Garden, namely Chahar Bagh, were laid down. (AB ev)


WHS Hotspots

World Heritage Process