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Blue and John Crow Mountains

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Blue and John Crow Mountains is a remote mountainous region known for its biodiversity and relevance to the history of Jamaican Maroons.

The park covers two mountain ranges: the Blue Mountains, peaking at 2,250m, and the John Crow Mountains which is a limestone plateau. They are covered with dense tropical, montane rainforest. A wide variety in endangerd and/or endemic plant, frog and bird species is found here.

The region provided refuge to escaped indigenous slaves, the traces of which can be seen at Maroon archaeological sites such as hiding-places and a network of trails. The ‘Windward Maroons’ of the Blue Mountains region were one of two Maroon strongholds in Jamaica. They lived in and around the settlement of Nanny Town. Its spiritual association with living traditions, ideas and beliefs already earned it a place on the UNESCO List of Intangible Heritage in 2008.

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Site Info

Full name: Blue and John Crow Mountains

Site History

  • 2015 - Inscribed

    Reasons for inscription
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  • 2015 - Name change

    TWHS was called "Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park", but large parts of national park were moved to buffer zone during final nomination stages
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  • 2011 - Deferred

     
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Locations

The site has 1 locations.

  • Blue and John Crow Mountains

Connections

The site has 19 connections.

Ecology

Geography

  • Situated in one of the SIDS Jamaica
  • Territorial Highest points Blue Mountain Peak (2256M/ 7402ft) "The nominated property is restricted to higher elevations (850 - 2,256m asl) and the reduction from the previous nomination is, in essence, a focus on the more intact forest areas which are largely correlated with altitude and ruggedness of terrain" (IUCN Evaluation)

Human Activity

  • Maroonage The region provided refuge to escaped indigenous slaves, the traces of which can be seen at Maroon archaeological sites such as hiding-places and a network of trails. The ‘Windward Maroons’ of the Blue Mountains region were one of two Maroon strongholds in Jamaica.
  • Secret Locations Nanny Town Cultural Heritage Route .. secret trails, settlements and natural resources

Religion and Belief

Timeline

  • Built in the 17th century apparently before the arrival of the British in 1655, that the Maroons moved away from the Nueva Sevilla area to the north-eastern region of the Island (AB ev)
  • Late Pleistocene Fauna seems to date from late Pleistocene

Trivia

WHS on Other Lists

  • Alliance for Zero Extinction The BJCM contains two of Jamaica’s five Alliance for Zero Extinction sites (AB ev): Jamaican Peak Frog and Jamaica Petrel
  • Biodiversity hotspot Caribbean Islands
  • Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible heritage The Maroon Heritage of Moore Town was listed in 2003 as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity and then relisted in 2008 on the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. (AB ev)

World Heritage Process

  • Name changes from Blue and Jhon Crow Mountains NP to Blue and John Crow Mountains to reflect removal of large parts of the NP to the buffer zone
  • Natural sites filling gaps cited by IUCN The BJCM has also been identified as a gap in representation of World Heritage sites: it belongs to a Centre of Plant Diversity and an Udvardy biogeographic province not yet represented on the List and as noted above it overlaps with one of 78 most irreplaceable protected areas in the world (AB ev)
  • Only WHS in their country Jamaica
  • Slow Starters 1983 - 2015 (32 years)