The Historic Centre of Agadez has an original irregular street layout, which dates from its creation in the 15th century on the structure of existing Tuareg encampments.

At that time, the Sultanate of Aïr started a process of sedentarisation and consolidation of various Tuareg tribes. The town became an important centre in the trans-Saharan caravan trade, linking the Maghreb to the Sahel.

Agadez still is the largest and most important city in the region. It comprises 11 quarters, with buildings made of mudbrick. Notable buildings, next to many traditional houses, include:

- Palace of the Sultan of Aïr

- Grand Mosque including its 27 metre tall minaret (the world’s tallest minaret made entirely of mudbrick)

- Hotel de l’Aïr, originally a palace


Community Reviews

Thomas Buechler - June 2013

Agadez has been on my African agenda for a very long time, and it was only in autumn 2011 that I made my way to this remote Tuareg outpost in Niger's northern Air region.There were travel warnings in place by almost all western governments, and direct flights to Agadez have all been cancelled.The only practical way to reach the Sahel town was the early morning bus that leaves the Niger's capital Niamey at 4.30h. A sunrise to sunset expedition that usually takes 12 long hours.

As we reached the outskirts of Agadez, there was a police checkup, my passport was taken away, and I got the message to show up at the Police Headquarters the next day for interview!but no problem, I was just advised not to leave

town for some Sahel adventure without informing the Police headquarters!

The old town of Agadez is manageable in just one day by foot and the main attractions like the Grand Mosque, originally built 1515,rebuild in 1844, then the Sultans Palace, yes there is still a real Sultan residing here, and sometimes he even gives audience to tourists and visitors!

The real charm of Agadez is to just wander around in its narrow sandy alleys, climb the old houses, the best view that can be enjoyed is from the roof terrace of a restaurant just opposite the Grand Mosque.

Also worth a visit is the old bakery, la Maison du boulanger, its a perfect place to get a first hand impression how daily life must have been in the old days!

I also visited the camel market, a little outside of town, but with excellent photo opportunities.

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Site Info

Full name: Agadez (Historic Centre of Agadez)

Site History


The site has 1 locations.

  • Agadez


The site has 13 connections.



  • Notable minarets a lofty minaret made entirely of mudbrick (AB ev)
  • Pyramids Its 27 metre tall minaret is in the form of a truncated pyramid. (AB ev)


  • Desert Cultural Landscapes Crit iv "From the 15th century, Agadez, "the gateway to the desert", became an exceptional crossroads for the caravan trade."
  • Sahara located on the south-eastern fringes of the Sahara desert (AB ev)


  • Berbers The historic centre of Agadez dates back to the 15th and 16th centuries, when the Sultanate of Aïr established itself there, encouraging the consolidation of Tuareg tribes and the development of trans-Saharan economic and cultural exchanges. (Nom file) The city is still inhabited mainly be Tuaregs.
  • Trans Saharan trade routes 

Human Activity

  • Salt It also formed part of the Saharan 'Salt Route' leading towards the Sahel in Africa (AB ev)

Religion and Belief

  • Mosque Grand Mosque and Mosques of Tend



  • Hotels in Historic Buildings The Hotel de l'Aïr is a palace built in 1917 for Kaossen, the leader of the rebellion against the colonial power. It was later converted into a hotel. The hotel restaurant has remarkable ribbed vaults, supported by four large pillars. (AB ev)
  • Minority communities Tuareg capital of Niger. The Tuaregs constitute about 10 percent of total population