Le Morne Cultural Landscape encompasses a natural fortress that was used as a retreat for escaping slaves in the 18th and early 19th century.
These escapees (the maroons) took shelter in caves and on the mountain slopes of Le Morne Brabant. Now it is a spiritual sanctuary, with high symbolic value and oral traditions about the resistance to slavery.
The slaves on Mauritius came from throughout the Indian Ocean: Madagascar, Tanzania, Mozambique, India. They worked in the sugar industry.
The site is described as an associative cultural landscape, for its powerful cultural associations with the natural element rather than material cultural evidence. Its visual dimension is a crucial part of its importance. Le Morne is located on a peninsula, mostly surrounded by sea.
Le Morne is also known for the (untrue) legend "that slaves jumped off the mountain into death to escape from slavery".
Visit November 2010
Le Morne is easy to see but hard to visit. I had my first look at it from the plane arriving from Paris. At the descent, this remarkably shaped mountain at the tip of Mauritius was very clearly visible. Its inaccessibility of course is part of its history. The steep cliffs deterred many. Mauritius even stated at the nomination of this site for WHS that the absence of cultural evidence is the ultimate proof of maroon life, as they had to be as invisible as possible. That's a daring statement for a 2034 page long nomination file!
Few traces remain: six rock shelters used by maroons have been discovered on the summit, a network of trails used by the former slaves is also still there. Fishing for your own meal is a common pastime too in the modern Le Morne village, like it was during slavery. But there's nothing specific to see for the casual visitor. I started out on foot from Le Morne, and walked on the beach onto the thin isthmus that separates Le Morne from the Mauritian mainland. At that spot there's a sign that you enter the WHS area.
Le Morne Village nowadays is a sleepy town, where people surf and fish. Like other villages in the area it is mostly inhabited by Creoles, and as such has a less Indian feel than the rest of the island. The taxi driver that had taken me there made the best out of our visit and bought two large squids and another big fish, fresh from the sea.
Sergey Mysovskiy - May 2014
Just a few days ago, my friends and I visited for the first time on the mountain Le Morne. We did not know about the guide and so just got up early in the morning and went. Next time we will know about guide. Way up took about half an hour. We stopped only once to make a couple of shots. When we got to the top - to the cross, we saw the most stunning views in the world. We saw reef currents, waves, boats, and many others. Having spent there 2 hours we went down. Came an hour before the bottom. Really tired. When you go there take a gallon of water per person and sunscreen. The patches can be useful. Aloha
Jarek Pokrzywnicki - October 2012
Officially the peak can be visited within an organised tour (trek) through the recognised guide Yan de Maroussem of Yanature. He is the only person that has permition from land owners (the most of inscribed area is private property) to do trek to almost the top of the mountain. Almost means that you can get only to so called "V" place - some 50 meters from the top. Even up to that point the trip is quite demanding (good shoes and mountain experience required).
Views from the top are really exceptional - especially those of Black River National Park. Recent price (October 2012) for 4 hours trek (usually starts at 7 a.m.) was around 40 Euro. You will feel every single euro while climbing the mountain.
Jules - July 2008
Le Morne is a very wonderful place to visit. The moutain with its surrounding natural landscape, the traditional village of Le Morne who welcome us warmly. I also appreciated a lot the warm reception we received at the site office of the Le Morne Heritage trust Fund where we have been told about the history of the mountain, runaway slaves who sacrificed for death over capture and the tradition of the villagers of Le Morne. For anyone who is looking for a quiet and unforgettable place, Le Morne is the ideal paradise.
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Full name: Le Morne Cultural Landscape
2008 - InscribedReasons for inscription
The site has 10 connections.
- Famous suicides Maroons reputedly "..flung themselves to their death off its sides rather than be recaptured"
- Built in the 18th century retreat for escaping slaves in the 18th and early 19th century