Aapravasi Ghat is the Immigration Depot where indentured labourers disembarked and were processed before being sent to work on the sugar estates of Mauritius.
It is the most important surviving manifestation of the indentured labour system from the 19th and 20th centuries. Only 3 structures of the original site remain.
Aapravasi Ghat represents the beginning of “the Great Experiment” by the British government after the abolition of slavery. Mauritius was the first colony to receive indentured labourers under this scheme. Most of the immigrants came from India, Southeast Asia, Madagascar and Eastern Africa. Over 450.000 of them came to Mauritius. The system soon spread over other countries in Africa and the Caribbean.
This permanent depot dates from 1849. It includes sheds for immigrants, quarters for officers, a hospital and offices. All immigrants were registered and photographed after disembarkation. After the end of the indentured labour system in the 1920’s, parts of the depot were gradually destroyed by the government and by cyclone Carol in 1960.
Visit November 2010
Aapravasi Ghat is right in the center of Port Louis, the capital of Mauritius. The site is signposted from all over town, displaying its WH status proudly.
From the outside the complex looks like the remains of a fortress: not unlike those in Ghana, or even the Defense Line of Amsterdam in The Netherlands. It’s now located just a few meters from the water line in the harbour.
Entrance to the site is free, as is the guided tour. The first thing that I noticed is that it all looks very recently restored. I had heard bad reports about its status in the past, but right now the Aapravasi Ghat Trust Fund is taking things seriously. Even a whole new interpretative center is under construction at the moment. That would be a good addition I think, as the remains of the site are small and it’s hard to imagine what happened here from some crumbling stone walls. Archaeological digs are still under way too, in the hope of recovering more. Only about a third of the site is left now, the rest has been paved over during the construction of the main road through Port Louis.
The best preserved parts are the lavatories & baths for the immigrants and the small hospital. I went around with a guide once and after that did another round on my own. I knew beforehand that there isn’t much to see, and I already was glad to see that the caretakers are making an effort to preserve and improve it. There were a couple of other tourists around, it’s presented as an important feature of Port Louis nowadays. My 2001 Lonely Planet for Mauritius didn’t even mention it. Despite all this, it will be hard to spend more than half an hour here.
Frank Chen - September 2011
I just visited this site a week before with my wife during our one week trip in Mauritius.
Actually I have went the palce twice, first day I can't find the entry and just took a picture due to Sunday.So I went to the site on Monday again.
I didn't know there is a World Heritage in Port Louis before, I just happen to meet the site while we walk through the main street.
Kishore ramlugun - May 2009
I think it is a wonderful site.I first visited the site a couple of years ago and I was immediately overwhelmed with emotion,just standing on the very place where my ancestors landed and where temporarily housed.I enjoyed the slide shows and the talk,including the guided tour.That same year I went to Bihar and traced my ancestral village and roots.It was a tremendous feeling!I wish the organisation my best wishes and I congratulate them for their excellent work.
D. TAKOOR - July 2008
Aapravasi Ghat Revisited
Following my first comments posted early July (not June), I wish to state that Aapravasi Ghat WHS is in good hands and the young Mauritian team are doing a great job in its management after having understudied the foreign consultants.I wish management could open up more like Pompeii,Reuben Island and even the Great Wall to developmentlike heritage tourism.As it is, Government is sparing no efforts.
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Full name: Aapravasi Ghat
2006 - InscribedReasons for inscription
2006 - Advisory Body overruledICOMOS advised Deferral, to place the proposal into a broader "Indentured Labour" context.
The site has 18 connections. Show all
- Human Migration Immigration depot for Indian indentured labourers to work in the sugar plantations of Mauritius, or to be transferred elsewhere
- Sugar The Ghat was the arrival point for c half a million indentured labourers coming from India to work in the sugar plantations of Mauritius.
- Built in the 19th Century The Ghat was the reception location for c 500000 indentured labourers arriving from 1834-1920. The main buildings date between 1849-65
WHS on Other Lists
- Memory of the World The Records of Indentured Immigration (2015)
World Heritage Process
- Controversial at inscription ICOMOS was in favour of deferral, some WHC countries found that too harsh and wanted inclusion because of the site's high memorial value. An amendment proposed by the Delegation of the Netherlands finally was accepted.
- First sites filling gaps cited by ICOMOS slavery-migration 2006
- Inscribed on a single criterion only vi. to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria)
- Slow Starters 1995-2006 : 11 years
- WHS inscribed solely on Criterion VI 2006