White City of Tel-Aviv
White City of Tel-Aviv - the Modern Movement, covers a part of the city that was developed in the 1930s as a result of innovative town planning adapted to local conditions.
The name derives from the large number of white, or light-colored buildings built there in the Bauhaus or International style. The masterplan was created by Sir Patrick Geddes, and executed by various European (Jewish) architects.
Over 4000 buildings in these styles can still be seen in central Tel Aviv; the largest concentration in any one city in the world.
Pavel Matejicek - February 2017
I spent a week in Tel Aviv in February 2017. It was my first visit of Israel and I enjoyed my stay in Tel Aviv a lot! I must say: I would not have a temptation to leave the city and go to a tourist trap of Jerusalem even after one week at one place.
My impression was that Tel Aviv is a blend of Berlin with a mediterranean spirit.
That is true that the condition of some houses is poor (however, it has been improved a lot) and their appearance have been changed, but what I found unique in Tel Aviv is that there is a huge ensamble of such houses. In Czechia, we have only limited number of buildings in the international style and only few billionars would afford to have a house in Bauhaus style...
Solivagant - January 2014
We only gave the White City around 2.5 hours and certainly wouldn’t claim to have seen it comprehensively. We concentrated on the areas/side streets on and around Rothschild Boulevard and Disengoff Circus and quite enjoyed the atmosphere and ambiance of the place – though Assif’s warnings about the condition of some of the site in an earlier review certainly had validity. Some of the buildings had undergone recent renovation and were looking quite smart but, to us, none of them had the wow factor either of the iconic modernist single structure WHS inscriptions or of the best of the Berlin Housing Estates.
A few points which did emerge and might be of interest were as follows
a. I was surprised how many of the notable buildings had undergone quite significant alterations - usually the addition of 2+ floors. This included for instance the Cinema Hotel. One can understand the economic logic but one normally expects ICOMOS to be rather “pickier” on such matters – distorting the “balance” of the buildings etc
b. The so-called “Bauhaus Centre” at 99 Disengoff seems to be primarily a commercial enterprise selling anything and everything which could be “Bauhaus” branded. Nevertheless it is worth looking into for the small exhibition of photographs on the upper 2 floors. I particularly liked the very early photos of Tel Aviv such as the original laying out of Rothschild Boulevard on a sand dune!
c. The Cinema Hotel foyer was accessible but, apart from a few cinematic artifacts, looked what it was – a revamped hotel reception area!! Even the toilets failed to create the appropriate style. If you want to see a REAL Art Deco cinema go to Asmara – it has 3 of them and 2 are still operating
d. The areas we went to were not, on the whole, well signed/explained - a few buildings had plaques describing their history and there were a few vertical signboards but notably they all lacked the UNESCO logo – perhaps their installation predated inscription. If you like getting a photo of an inscription plaque (as we do!!) there is one on the pavement in the tree-lined central walkway of Rothschild at the first X roads south of 84 Rothschild!
e. And 84 Rothschild provides a “nice” example of the poor condition of some of the most important buildings. The Engel House at 84 receives special mention as being the first house in Tel Aviv built on stilt columns a la “International style”. Today however those columns are filled in with breeze blocks and are graffiti covered whilst the overall “shape” of the building has been totally altered by infilling of balconies etc. Nothing I guess that a bit of money couldn’t put right but indicative of the state of parts of the site (photos – B+W of original building at top and, below, as of Jan 2014)!
Walter - November 2011
I travel to Tel Aviv more than 10 years ago, before it was inscribed to the WHL. I went back in June 2011 and wanted to have a closer look at the « white city ». I went first to the Bauhaus museum, and bought a detailed map showing all the protected buildings and the site limit with the buffer zone. From there I went on walks around, trying to discover the buildings listed on the map. Some are in bad need of repair.
Some are well known and figure in all travel guides (Dizengoff Square, Thermomether House). But most just lie waiting to be discovered along walks. I really enjoy this king of heritage site where you can wander around.
By the way, you can even stay in some Bauhaus-hotels (protected and part of the site), for example the Hotel Cinema, part of the Atlas chain.
elida am-david - January 2009
From an attempt at continuation and improvement... The White City will find supporters and encouragement, some besmirchers... and find me looking at them with love and envy.Envy because all doing is a reason for envy. And love because I love the city, love the Bauhaus style and love those who joined me in its making.One can write about it, and always improve it, always reiterpret it, and always know that it could have been done better.In fact, that is what the next time is for.
Assif Am-David - November 2008
Tel Aviv is my home city and I love it. Nonetheless I feel obliged to warn the visitor from its quite ugly architecture and neglected appearance. It is a vibrant, young, interesting and welcoming city - but forget about classical beauty. The White City is unfortunately no exception to what I've just said. It's maybe historically interesting or significant, but is generally run down. The main boulevard crossing the White City is Rotschield which is nice and lively and offers great cafes and pubs. I wouldn't come with too high expectations regarding the architecture, but I'm no expert in Bauhaus.
Xeres Nelro - July 2008
i personally wasn't so impressed with this site. this may have had something to do with the fact that i visited it, directly after a 11 hour flight, with no sleep in between. still, a lot of the buildings are very similar to what i see everyday at home; though there are some exceptional ones. i understand that this site holds value as the first city to be built entirely in the Bauhaus style, it's just not super impressive. i would recommend visiting this site if you have time, and are in the area, but you shouldn't go out of your way to see it (tel aviv how ever has many great other attractions)
Christer Sundberg - June 2006
I must admit that I had not read up properly on this World Heritage Site – Tel Aviv, the White City. I knew as much as it was all about architecture and my first thought was that I’d have to go and see a few houses, an easy task… but little did I know…having visited the local tourist information I was thoroughly enlightened and given a map of the city I then realised that over 300-400 houses was included in the World Heritage Site of Tel Aviv. Representing what was called the New Movement, a Bauhaus style imported from Germany, has made Tel Aviv become a Miami-look-a-like.
Together with its southern cousin Jaffa, one of the oldest ports in the world, Tel Aviv is a very nice and surprisingly laid-back city. I will forever remember the lush streets and the long beach walk where I was served the creamiest cappuccino I’ve ever tasted in my life. Last but not least I must also admit that I admire the relaxed attitude towards the Middle Eastern problems. There might be militaries, guns and checkpoints at every store or train station but the locals seem to take the whole thing with a smile. On the other hand, what choice do they have…?
I have been a frequent and regular visitor and resident in Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv remains the greatest collection of Modern Movement architecture I have ever seen. Although many, possibly most buildings, have been altered, the alterations are not of a permenant nature. The most common and nearly ubiquitous change is the addition of "treeseem", sliding louvered blinds enclosing the open air porches or negative spaces of the buildings. The renovations which have been ongoing for several years are remarkable. Many of the renovated buildings appear to be pristiine in condition. Those buildiings with contemporary additions are done so that a clear and obvious distinction remains between the old and the new. Tel Aviv is THE MUST SEE city for modernists.
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Full name: White City of Tel-Aviv - the Modern Movement
2003 - InscribedReasons for inscription
The site has 26 connections. Show all
- Architectural design competitions Dizengoff Circus - 1934. "Won" (actually she was placed 2nd and no 1st prize was awarded!) by Genia Averbuch. Nom File Page 65 - also
- Garden City Movement It was conceived as a 'garden city', but with a more urban character than those built earlier. (AB ev)
- International style
- Modern Urban Planning Criterion (iv): The White City of Tel Aviv is an outstanding example of new town planning and architecture in the early 20th century, adapted to the requirements of a particular cultural and geographic context.
- Reinforced Concrete
- Equestrian Statues Bronze statue of Meir Dizengoff, first Mayor of Tel Aviv, on 16 Rothschild Boulevard (near Dizengoff's home, now a museum). He apparently loved to ride his white horse trough the streets of Tel Aviv in the 1930s. The statue was designed by David Zundelovich in 2009.
- Historic Cinemas "Esther" (1930/1) Dizzengoff Square (Now the "Cinema Hotel")
- Large squares Habima Square 45000 m2
- Monumental Fountains Agam's fountain at Dizengoff Square
- Mosaic art Gutman's mosaic originally built for Bialik Square
- Sites of Parliament The Independence Hall was the temporery seat of the Israeli parliament until the construction of the current Kneset in Jerusalem was completed.
- Theatres Mann Auditorium and Habima National Theatre
- Declarations of Independence May 14, 1948: Israel from the British Mandate
- Human Migration "There was a great affinity between the Modern Movement and the local needs of the Jewish settlement in Palestine, whose main purpose was to supply the physical structure of the Jewish homeland as soon as possible, vis-á-vis accelerating waves of immigrations." (AB evaluation)
- Ateliers Reuven Rubin's atelier at the Bialik Square
- Viscount Edmund Allenby One of Tel Aviv's main thoroughfares - Allenby St is named after him. This street forms the SW boundary of Zone C of the inscription
Religion and Belief
- Jewish religion and culture Synagogue at Bialik Square
- Built in the 20th century based on the urban master plan by Sir Patrick Geddes (1925-27) (AB ev)
WHS on Other Lists
- World Monuments Watch (past) (1996)