Start | The List | Tentative | Timeline | Connections | Community | Missing | Forum | Resources | Blog


Sintra


Sintra
The Cultural landscape of Sintra encompasses a narrow mountainous strip with an ensemble of gardens, parks, and monuments. The Royal Court established itself here because of its cool temperatures. Villa’s and gardens were designed, reaching its height in the 19th century.

Most notable among the constructions is the Pena Palace, the prototype of European Romanticism. Others include:
• Quinta da Regaleira
• Sintra National Palace
• Monserrate Palace
• Seteais Palace
• Castle of the Moors
• Ramalhão Palace

Visit July 1991, December 2002

The first time I went there on a daytrip from Lisbon, that is about all that I can remember. Vaguely I recollect being ill that day, so nothing really stuck in my memory about Sintra. Unfortunately ...


Eleven years later I did the same trip. From Lisbon, by train. Walking up the winding road that leads to the town.


Because of the misty and rainy weather I took a bus further up, to the Palacio de Pena. This is (on the outside) really a magnificent fairytale palace.



Reviews

Clyde (Malta):
I visited this WHS in August 2014. Knowing that this WHS was actually made up of 4 palaces, a castle and an estate, I decided to dedicate 2 full days to Sintra and sleep over. It turned out to be a great decision. Sintra is choc-a-bloc with cars, coaches, vans and bus loads of tourists mainly from 11am till 4pm as most visit Sintra as a day trip from Lisbon. If it's the only way to see Sintra by all means go for it but still I'd suggest to stick to no more than 3 sites. Having more time to spare, I arrived by car from Lisbon around 9am and there were ample parking spaces to choose from. The parking meter lets you pay a maximum of 2 euros for 4 hours but by registering your number plate online (there are instructions on the parking meter) you can simply pay online or send an sms to extend your parking time. I bought the combined ticket to visit Pena Palace + Moorish Castle + Monserrate and then bought a separate ticket to visit Quinta in the evening. The Seteais Palace is a luxury hotel which I proudly called my home for a night. The Ramalhão Palace is decorated in the Louis XVI neoclassical style and I only saw it from outside. The Pena Palace is the star attraction of Sintra and hence is the palace that attracts most crowds. Visiting early in the morning meant that I managed to beat the crowds so by the time I finished viewing it's colourful exterior and visiting its interior, endless groups of people flooded the palace! Therefore I'd say that timing is of the essence here. The Castle of the Moors is close to the Pena Palace so naturally attracts a lot of people too. At least however it offers more open spaces than the Pena Palace so it doesn't feel so crowded. It's worthwhile climbing the stairs to enjoy the view over Sintra too. My favourite palace is actually situated 4km away from Sintra but I really loved its exterior and interior design with Moghul-inspired details and the lavish gardens. I was very lucky to be the very first visitor early in the morning which meant that for a while I had the palace to myself and I really enjoyed some peaceful and quiet moments. The highlight of my visit though was the mysterious and esoteric Quinta da Regaleira. The Manueline style is immediately visible once you approach the estate and also on the small but enchanting chapel. The gardens are a labyrinth of tunnels, grottoes, statues and fountains full of esoteric symbols. I've never seen anything like the Quinta and I must say it's truly unique. It opens until 8pm in the summer months and occasionally there are private night tours or theatrical events organised on the estate grounds which I wholeheartedly recommend. All in all I enjoyed my visit to Sintra but I'm sure my experience would not have been the same had I visited only as a day trip from Lisbon.
Date posted: August 2014
Jorge Sanchez (Spain):
Probably the most beautiful palace in Portugal is PENA. To get there you have to go to Sintra, a lovely town at about 24 kilometers of Lisbon.
I bought a pass in Lisboa including bus tickets to Sintra, Pena, Estorila and also to the Cabo da Roca.
Ifg you start early in the morning you can manage to visit all those places in the same day. At least I had time to admire everything.
In the centre of Sintra you can visit another nice palace, but Pena is more beautiful.
If you do not have the pass, then from Sintra you have to take a taxi (8 euros) up to the Pena Palace. Once in Pena you will not believe your eyes. The palace before you is fantastic; it looks like the romantic Neuschwanstein, in Baviera, and in fact it was constructed in 1840, in the ruins of a former monastery, by order of Fernando II, a Portuguese king born in Germany.
Date posted: July 2013
John Booth (New Zealand):
Reaching Sintra from Lisbon by train is easy, and reaching Penha Hill from Sintra Station by bus (#434) is just as simple. Then after paying the entrance fee, there is yet another conveyance that takes you to the palace at the very top. I think Walt Disney must have modelled his castle at Disneyland on this building, the difference being that this is made of real stone. But the pastel colours of the decorations rival those of Gaudi. Being at such an altitude the 360 degree views from the palace of the coast and surrounds are amazing.
Descending towards the town it is easy to divert to the Moorish castle and admire the views from there too.
Having visited the Penha Palace first I found the Royal Palace in the town rather bland.
Date posted: March 2010
David Cris?stomo (Portugal):
Sintra has many descriptions. Dora Wordsworth said, "Sintra is a place more to dream than to write about". Robert Southley wrote that Sintra, "that vast temple to Nature" is like a "glorious Éden" (Lord Byron). Wiliam Becford, who had a villa in Sintra, wrote that it was "the most blessed place in the whole globe". Gil Vicente, a famous portuguese playwright, wrote that "Sintra is a piece of heaven that king Solomon sent has a gift to a king of Portugal". Ptolemy refers to Sintra has "mons lunae" (Mount of the Moon). Sintra has been home for many artist over the centuries, like Luis de Camões, Garcia Resende, Damião de Góis, Almeida Garret, Hans Christian Andersen, Alexandre Herculano, Camilo Castelo Branco, Eça de Queirós, Ernesto Biester, Jan Van Eick, Carlos I of Bragança, Fernando II of Saxe-Coburgo Gotha and Bragança, Ludwig von Eschwege, Nicolau de Chanterenne, Wenceslau Cifka, Elisa Frederica Henler (countess of Edla), Alfredo Keil, Luisa Sigêa, Franz Lizt, Richard Strauss... From the mystical Pena Palace you can observe and apreciate the beuty and charm of this place. Down in the town be fascinated by the churches, the villas, the typical streets and cafe's, the museums and gardens, and, of course, the ancient Palácio da Vila, were you can remark,by looking up, the magical Castle of the Moors. If you want two examples of marvellous villas, Regaleira and Monserrate are certainty the best examples of it.
Date posted: June 2008
():
The best time to visit Sintra is in the week and early in the morning to avoid the crowds. Take your time and walk around to admire the sights. You must visit the national Palace also known as Paço Real or Palácio da Vila. It was built on a site once occupied by the Moors. It is connected to the most significant period of Portuguese history, namely the birth and fall of the empire. Don't forget to visit the kitchens. I remember sitting on the balcony of Café de Paris at lunch time watching the tourists admiring this wonderful place.
see http://lookgofind.blogspot.com/
 
():
Sintra,village where I inhabit , is doubtlessly one of the most beautiful places in the world.I born and i grew up in this village that as much teaches, not only to its inhabitants as well to the visitors.it´s the most occidental village in Europe, and has gorgeous beaches, that they are considered one of most beautiful of the world.Sintra offers almost everything: from palaces and mansions to densely wooded slopes and romantic or exotic parks and gardens; from churches and monuments to excellent restaurants.sintra possesss a very proper environment and spirit , attracts visitors of all species, inclusively has the myth of the accomplishment of satanic rituals.sintra has everything, with such can be made everything,and who lives here never will leave.
 
David J. Jordan Jr. (U.S.A.):
As a American of Portuguese and French descent, my mother came here from the Azores islands in 1964, at the age of 23, and dad is from French Canada, and has been in the U.S. for 75 years! My heart belongs to Portugal, a amazing country, with a long and beautiful history. It makes me so happy to read the reviews. I have visited many countries in Europe, all were beautiful, yet Portugal remains unique. I long to see Lisbon from the castelo de sao Jorge at sunset. Or the spectacular view of Sintra from the palacio de Pena. Mafra and it's incredible convent/palace, that dome! You can see it for miles, I can go on and on, trust me, you'll love it.
Date posted: February 2006
Anibal Schulz Henriques (PORTUGAL):
Sintra is one of the most interesting places in the world, for it history, and archeologie.
It all begins same thousand years ago. You can have references about it, since the "Itenerários" from Plínio , Strabos, Pompónio Mela or iven from Strabão.
But in my opinion the best historical references about Sintra you can read them in the "Monarchia Lusitana" from Frei Bernardo de Brito. There is also a very interesting book from João de Barros called the "Crónica do Imperador Clarimundo" the subject is Sintra but told in a very different kind of literature,(a midle - age way).
Sintra during many centuries was known as "Monte da Lua", Moon Mount, where the most ancient culture manifestation take place.
A heritage imortalized by Knight´s and Poets, it is a wonder that everyone should at least ones in life came and visit it.
I just hope that in the future organizations as UNESCO can help to preserve this unique place in the world.
Date posted: November 2005
Ian Cade (England):
Sintra was perhaps the highlight of my time in Portugal and that is saying a lot as I loved it there, and I didn’t even get to see the highlight of the Pena Palace as it was closed. Sintra is very easy to get to from the centre of Lisbon there is a direct train from Rossio station and it takes about 35 minutes on a brand spanking new train! The centre of the town is next to the station and is reasonably nice but most of the sights are up on the surrounding hills. The Pena Palace is a ridiculously over the top royal palace and I was sad I did not get the chance to see it. Instead I spent a lot o time just climbing the hills and running around the Castelo dos Mouros. The castle is in ruins but still the walls seem to just merge with the rocky hill. And once in one of the bastions you are afforded a magnificent view over the surrounding Sintra National Park all the way to the Atlantic or back into Lisbon in the other direction. Truly a magnificent place and I am hoping to go back just to see the Palace.
 
Ann Reeves (USA):
Ahhhh, Sintra! I've just returned from a 3 week self-guided tour of Portugal. We were able to visit alot of the places I missed on my first trip, including Evora, Coimbra, Obidos Conimbriga, Estremoz, Tomar and the Algarve. Sintra is still my favorite place. I revisited the Pena Palace and walked up from the ticket booth exploring the surrounding park a bit. Magical, green, lovely. It was a really windy day and we were almost blown off the ramparts, but still had a clear view of the Castle of the Moors. Back down in the town, after shopping in the local gift shops, and having a great lunch at a restaurant called Xentra, we visited the Sintra Palace, with the two large cone chimneys visible
from quite a distance. The base of these chimneys turn out to be the kitchens. It's so cool to be inside them and look up to see the holes to the sky. We left Sintra and toured the circular tour stopping at the Monserrat Palace I believe it was, which was closed for repairs. We followed stone walls, saw old villas, in a romantic green forest. We wouldn't have been surprised to see a Knight Templar step out of the trees.
Another town, not far away, is the ancient walled city of Obidos. We had lunch at the Pousada, the converted castle there. The city is a wonderful maze of streets, and while many of the homes are now shops, you can still get a sense of Portugal in years past here. What I liked best was how
the folks have trained vines to grow up around their homes. Lovely.
Food was wonderful wherever we traveled and I developed a taste for bacalhau, the famed salted cod fixed a zillion different ways. All in all, a fabulous trip to a wonderful country.
 
Ann Reeves (USA):
I visited Sintra 2 years ago on a trip to Portugal. It was one of the highlights of my trip and that is saying something. Portugal has so many fascinating and wonderful
places to see. The Pena Palace was fabulous! Many people
describe the outside as being the best part, and indeed it
is quite unique. However, it was the interior that really
impressed me. It not only is like stepping back in time, the
brilliance of decoration is something to behold. I am planning a trip back to Portugal in May, 2004 and
to again visit Sintra and this time also see the Sintra
National Palace which was closed on my last trip. I've been to Italy, Britain, and Spain, yet Portugal is my favorite
country. The history, beauty and people, make it a memorable
country to visit.
 


Have you been to Cultural Landscape of Sintra ? Share your experiences!

Add your own review



Site info


Cultural Landscape of Sintra
Country: Portugal
Inscribed: 1995
Cultural Heritage
Criteria:  (2) (4) (5)
Category: Human activity, Cultural landscape

Site history:
1995 Inscribed
Reasons for inscription

Site links


Official website:
»Parques de Sintra

In the news:
Not available

Related links:
» Visit Portugal: Sintra.
» Homepage of Sintra-city.

Getting there


This WHS has 1 location(s).



Connections


Architecture
Gothic Revival . Manueline style . Mudejar style . Neoclassical architecture .
Constructions
Cisterns . Clock Tower . Glazed tiles . Sundial .
Damaged
Destroyed or damaged by Earthquake .
Ecology
Eucalypts .
Religion and Belief
Sacred Mountains .
Timeline
Built in the 19th Century .
Trivia
Built or owned by Dutch . Hotels in Historic Buildings .
WHS Hotspots
Lisbon hotspot .
WHS on Other Lists
Europa Nostra Award .
World Heritage Process
Clearly defined landscapes .



© WHS 1997-2014 | Contact