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Amiens Cathedral


Amiens Cathedral
Amiens Cathedral has played an important role in the development of gothic architecture. It dates from the 13th century.

Work was started in 1220, under Bishop Evrard de Fouilloy. The architects involved were Robert de Luzarches (until 1228), Thomas de Cormont (until 1258), and his son Renaud de Cormont (until 1288).

Visit May 2006

Amiens was an important town in the Middle Ages, but nowadays is rather inconspicuous. It has a lot of modern buildings (and a second WHS, the Belfry). The 13th century Cathedral is located in a built up area, among shopping streets. It's in good condition. The facade is its most striking point: with many fine sculptural details, especially above the doors.


The inside of the church is like a religious art museum. There's for example a fascinating sculpture of a weeping angel (which became a popular postcard for soldiers in WWI). Also remarkable is the alleged head of John the Baptist. This relic was brought from Constantinople by Wallon de Sarton as he was returning from the Fourth Crusade.


After visiting this site, I wondered how many Gothic cathedrals the List can handle. And which one is the oldest / purest / biggest / most beautiful? In his Comparative Study Of Gothic Churches, carried out for ICOMOS in 1988, the distinguished Swiss expert Professor Peter Kurmann identified no less than 15 churches elegible for a priority list (and that doesn't include the ones inscribed pre-1988, like Amiens and Chartres). So there's still more of those to come.
From his report, we also learn that the cathedrals of Seville, Milan and Cologne are the largest Gothic cathedrals in the world. I would say that Amiens' unique selling point lies in its sculptures.



Reviews

Ash Hind (Australia):
My brother and I visited Amiens in Sept. 2011 as a 2 day stopover as part of our WW1 Battlefields tour. We were fortunate enough to be shown around this magnificent Cathedrale. We were also lucky enough to be shown around the internal balcony and out on the roof. The floor takes on a different perspective about 20 metres up. I have no religious interest at all but found this cathedral fascinating, the architecture and the sheer size were most impressive. From the right angle you can see the bend in the timber spire, and the laser light show is worth a look too.
Date posted: September 2012
Clyde (Malta):
I visited this WHS in Summer 2011. The flying buttresses of the Cathedral of Our Lady of Amiens were immediately visible from far away as I approached Amiens by car. The West front of the cathedral with the rose window is amazing and has several gothic sculptures. It is also the tallest complete cathedral in France. Worth visiting together with the Amiens belfry (also a WHS).
Date posted: September 2012
Tim Waite (UK):
I'm sorry to inform our Austrian friend above that there are not at least 20 other cathedrals in France very similar to Amiens . In fact only Chartres and Reims compare in terms of the quantity and quality of statuary on the facade . Only Reims and Bourges compare in terms of vastness of interior space. There are 7 ' plus grande Cathedrales de France ' as the french call them - " Reims, Chartres, Amiens , Bourges , Albi , Strasbourg , Rouen " .
There are many fine ones other than those , but they're mostly about half the size and have suffered over the ceunturies more . The flamboyant window tracery in Amiens is shared only by two other Cathedrals , those of Beauvais and Evreux . The remarkable symbolic quatrefoil carvings on the stylobate ( the bit above the steps and below the porches ! ) are only repeated at one other cathedral - Auxerre -( OK , and a little bit at Metz too - but that's it ! ) . Amiens is France's and Europe's most elegant Cathedral . The fact that it has lost 80 per cent of it's stained glass does not detract from this . Not as immediatley dramatic inside as Reims or Angers - it (to me anyway ) is France's finest building - period !
Date posted: February 2012
Thomas (Italy):
The interio I agree it's stunning. But it's me or the western facade it's a little bit...huh...confused and lacking of a general plan? Looks a little bit "chaotical" if you know what I mean...well the statues are impressive i know, but...it's more like a wonderful "museum deposit" than a western facade.. don't know...notre dame in paris have another kind of design purity...but then again, who cares if the facade isn't the top, when you got a shining interior like the one you have in Amiens?
Date posted: October 2011
Doug (Australia):
We were there 3 weeks ago. Had 3 nights in Amiens, but had never heard of the cathedral prior to going to the town. We were in the area to tour WW1 Western Front battlefield sites. We saw the sound and light show,( it's too long) but what a shame that the commentary is in French. We don't speak the language, so didn't have a clue what they were saying. How about an English translation.
Nice town , but dour people. Nice eateries though.
Shame that so many people smoke, but that's France, I guess.
Date posted: October 2011
Ian Cade (England):
I was very impressed with this cathedral. It had been a few years since I visited a huge French gothic cathedral and therefore I wasn’t suffering from the fatigue that could easily spoil a trip to this site. The cathedral is huge and surprisingly uniform, as it was built in a very swift amount of time for a Gothic cathedral.
The interior is massive and contains some fine sculptures and great stained glass. Also I was happy to see the labyrinth on the floor has remained uncovered, as several other cathedrals I have visited have frustratingly places chairs over their own versions.
Perhaps the most impressive thing for me was the incredible mass of sculptures on the western facade (the ‘main entrance’). It was a truly superb ensemble, the finest Gothic sculptural grouping I have seen and that was what set it apart from the many other gothic cathedrals I have visited.
Amiens itself is a nice city, but not especially pretty, however it had a very friendly atmosphere and some nice shops and cafes. Of particular note was the very friendly cafe Jean Trogneux on the square overlooking the western façade of the Cathedral.
I missed the light show (Son et lumière) which lights up the cathedral’s statues to reveal their original colourings. When I first heard of this I thought it was something of a tourist trap however from the images I have seen it looks magnificent and also shows the cathedral in its original Polychromatic light that would add a lot to the visiting experience.
There are an awful lot of Gothic churches inscribed on the world heritage list, (at least 10 lie within 200 miles of Amiens) illustrating that this is a very over represented aspect of religious architecture. However the exceptional size and magnificent sculptures at Amiens really do justify a visit and some form of inscription on the list.
Date posted: January 2010
Sheila Walsh (USA):
A must see in Amiens, France is the niche in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame, the largest Cathedral in France, where the relic: the head of John the Baptist is displayed. The relic was brought back from Constantinople (modern Istanbul) in 1206 after the sacking of the city by the Fourth Crusade. The face is mummy like and covered by a large polished crystal to preserve it for deterioration. The authenticity has not been studied by scientist but it has been venerated since the 13th century by a steady stream of pilgrims. This relic at the very least has historical and artistic value as well as being a testament to the faith of the people who found religious significance in its presence. The People of the 21st century may be skeptics or repulsed, but the people of by-gone generations were more simple in their faith. They used such objects to enliven their faith. This alone gives this relic significance. The fact that it has endured in Amiens Cathedral for more then 9 centuries, surviving the French Revolution and two World Wars makes it worth a visit. The cathedral is breathtaking; the architecture is inspiring; and when we were there an Australia Anglican coir was singing sacred songs, which gave it an angelic sound to match the beautiful artifacts.
Date posted: May 2008
Klaus Freisinger (Austria):
Like some other reviewers here, I´ve seen my share of big cathedrals, and sometimes they seem to blur in memory. What´s unique about the one in Amiens ? Not that much, although it is very big and definitely beautiful. I just can´t say why it would merit WH status, since there must be at least twenty very similar cathedrals in France alone.
Having said that, when you are anywhere in the area, you should go to Amiens, since the town is very nice and pleasant and it gives you the benefit of seeing three WH sites for the price of one, so to speak: besides the cathedral, the belfry, which is just a few minutes walk from the cathedral, is part of the "Belfries of Belgium and France", and - something I only noticed on a plaque inside the church - the cathedral is also part of the "Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France"!
Date posted: August 2006
pradip (uk):
amien cathedral is wonderful .it doesntget many tourist a maginficent cathedral
 
daTrixta (BROOKLYN, usa):
that ish was dope, i reccomend it to anyone...
 


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Site info


Amiens Cathedral
Country: France
Inscribed: 1981
Cultural Heritage
Criteria:  (1) (2)
Category: Religious structure, Christian

Site history:
1981 Inscribed
Reasons for inscription

Site links


Official website:
»Amiens Cathedrale

In the news:
Not available

Related links:
» Amiens Cathedral Project.

Getting there


This WHS has 1 location(s).



Connections


Architecture
Gothic .
Constructions
Prayer Labyrinth .
Individual People
Restored by Viollet-le-Duc .
Religion and Belief
Cathedrals . Christian Pilgrimage Sites . Relics from John the Baptist .
Timeline
Built in the 13th century .
Trivia
Exact locations inscribed twice (or more) . Free entrance . Sound and Light Show . WHS within walking distance .
World Heritage Process
Minor modifications after inscription . Single Monuments .



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