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World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Ahwar of Southern Iraq

Ahwar of Southern Iraq
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The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: refuge of biodiversity and the relict landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities covers the marshy delta that was home to the early Sumerian civilization.

This mixed site consists of 7 locations: three archaeological sites (Ur, Uruk and Tell Eridu) and four wetland marsh areas. The latter are the Huwaizah Marshes, Central Marshes, East Hammar and West Hammar Marshes - important for bird migration and fish species.

The area lies in the joint delta of the Tigris and Euphrates River, the river providing arable fields via the use of irrigation. Due to draining of large portions of the marshes, the marshes were diminshed to 10% of their original size by 2003.

Map of Ahwar of Southern Iraq

Legend

  • Mixed

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Site Info

Full name: The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: refuge of biodiversity and the relict landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities

Unesco ID: 1481

Inscribed: 2016

Type: Mixed

Criteria: 3   5   9   10  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2016 - Inscribed 
  • 2016 - Revision Merger of 2 TWHS: The Marshlands of Mesopotamia & Ur
  • 2016 - Advisory Body overruled ICOMOS & IUCN proposed deferral
  • 2015 - Postponed evaluation postponed at the request of the State Party – letter dated 24/08/2014

Locations

The site has 7 locations.

  • Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Tell Eridu Archaeological Site
  • Ahwar of Southern Iraq: The Central Marshes
  • Ahwar of Southern Iraq: The East Hammar Marshes
  • Ahwar of Southern Iraq: The Iraqi side of Huwaizah Marshes
  • Ahwar of Southern Iraq: The West Hammar Marshes
  • Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Ur Archaeological City
  • Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Uruk Archaeological City

Visitors

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