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World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Tropical Rainforest Sumatra

Tropical Rainforest Sumatra

The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra is a mountainous landscape of exceptional beauty, which forests hold many endangered species including the endemic Sumatran orang-utan.

The site comprises three Indonesian national parks on the island of Sumatra. They are:

- Gunung Leuser National Park

- Kerinci Seblat National Park

- Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park

Map of Tropical Rainforest Sumatra


  • Natural

Community Reviews

John booth New Zealand 29.06.13

Tropical Rainforest Sumatra by John Booth

Despite external forces of corruption there are still people in Sumatra that are dedicated to halting further encroachment by farmers, loggers and poachers on the remaining areas of tropical rainforest.

I met rangers in the Gunung Leuser National Park who care for the burgeoning number of orang-utans in their care. This notwithstanding that the forest can no longer sustain the numbers now there, requiring the rangers to supplement their food supply.

In the Kerinci Seblat National Park there are similar individuals trying to protect the remaining wildlife and flora, all the time having the forest encroached on by farmers, hunters and loggers.

I visited these two National Parks as part of a tour of Sumatra that also took in visits to Berestagi, Lake Toba, Bukittinggi and Padang.

Anthony Sun, USA 17.12.08

This WHS is spread out all over Sumatra. All jungle national parks look the same to me and so to find a reason to check this WHS off your list is to get to Medan in North Sumatra and visit the Bohorok Orangutan rehabilitation center, a two hour drive from Medan. Orangutan babies are collected illegally by killing their mothers. They are then sold as pets. The problem is that when the Orangutans grow up and become unmanageable, they are abandoned. The rehab center is to save these animals and train them to survive in the wild with some supplemental milk and food. Orangutan rehab centers exist also in Borneo but this site is more primitive and so much more natural then others I have visited. I visited this site in August 1994 and also nearby Lake Toba and the native villages around the lake.

Bohorok is part of Gunung Leuser National Park.

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Site Info

Full name: Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra

Unesco ID: 1167

Inscribed: 2004 In Danger

Type: Natural

Criteria: 7   9   10  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2011 - In Danger four proposed roads, ongoing encroachment, poaching and illegal logging
  • 2004 - Inscribed 


The site has 3 locations.

  • Tropical Rainforest Sumatra: Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park
  • Tropical Rainforest Sumatra: Gunung Leuser National Park
  • Tropical Rainforest Sumatra: Kerinci Seblat National Park