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World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz

Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz
Photo provided by David Berlanda

The Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz are a Baroque aristocratic ensemble of residence and pleasure garden.

The Pleasure Garden is a rare and complete example of a Baroque garden. It was the creative design of Filiberto Lucchese and the execution of his design by Giovanni Pietro Tencalla. Count Karel Liechtenstein-Castelcorn acted as their patron, renovating the palace in a Baroque style in 1664.

The castle used to be the principal residence of the bishops and (since 1777) archbishops of Olomouc. It houses a splendid art collection, with works by Dutch, Flemish, and Italian masters, many of them acquired by Bishop Karel in 1673. The Kromeríz musical archive is outstanding too, as is the Library.

Map of Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz

Legend

  • Cultural

Community Reviews


Hubert Austria 24.06.12

Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz by Hubert Scharnagl

Kromeriz is one item on the long list of palaces and gardens among the WH sites. The Palace Garden is designed in the style of an English landscape garden and we enjoyed to walk around. There are ponds and a few small buildings, but most of them are in need of restoration. We skipped a guided tour of the castle, instead we visited the Pleasure Garden. The most striking buildings are the Rotunda and the long Colonnade. A staircase leads to the roof of the colonnade, from there you can beautifully admire the flower beds (photo).

The main reason for inscription of Kromeriz is that "the gardens and castle of Kromeriz are an exceptionally complete and well-preserved example of a European Baroque princely residence and its gardens." I'm not an expert in park and garden design, I just enjoy strolling there, thus maybe I can not fully appreciate the quality of this WHS. But I've seen nothing that I've not seen in other palaces and gardens before, and often more beautiful elsewhere. The market place is truly nice, but that's nothing special in a country full of beautiful town squares (I liked better those in Telc, Olomouc or Cheb). All in all, one of the less rewarding WHS on our trip to Moravia.


Roman, Czech Republic 10.01.10

Kromeriz is a beautiful city with many wonderful historic monuments.His one of the most beautiful part of Moravia in the whole Czech republic.Rare example of European Baroque horticulture are particularly local castle and its garden Chateau and Flower also called Libosad


Klaus Freisinger Austria 02.09.09

Kromeriz is a very pretty and quiet town close to Olomouc, and is very well worth the trip to get there. I skipped the tour of the palace interior (minimum 90 minutes), but just walked through the gardens, which consist of the more nature-like Palace Gardens (lots of ponds) and the formal Flower Garden. This is one of the most famous gardens in Europe, somewhere between a French Renaissance and an Italian Baroque garden. The town itself has a nice main square and a few pretty churches.


Christer Sundberg Sweden

Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz by Christer Sundberg

An hour's train ride south of Olomouc is the small Czech town with the unpronounceable name Kromeriz. The locals will probably laugh behind your back if you try an English pronunciation but the correct way of saying the towns name is something I leave you to discover for yourself when you approach the small town that was once the Achbishops own town and Chateau, between the 12th and the 19th century.

One of the Chateau's more recent claims to fame is the fact that it figured in Milos Formans film Amadeus and it is no wonder that it some of its rooms and halls was picked as background. Some are absolutely the best of best of baroque architecture and design. Next to the park is the beautiful Podzámecka Garden that unfortunately was quite a wet experience at the time of my own visit. But as the rain passed by and I had moved across town to discover the castles Flower Garden, I was blessed with the sunny side of Kromeriz parks and castle.

Kromeriz is easily accessed by train if you are in Olomouc and is a perfect excursion for a day.


David Berlanda Italy / Czech Republic 02.02.06

Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz by David Berlanda

I have been many times in Kroměříž, situated on a former ford on the river Morava, near the Chřiby mountains, to visit the huge Baroque castle, constructed in the 17th century for the archbishop of Olomouc Karl II von Liechtenstein-Kastelcorn on the place of an another castle and projected by Filibero Lucchese e Giovan Pietro Tencalla; it was reconstructed under Maximilian Hamilton in the 17th century, after a fire. It is a free-standing structure with four wings around a trapezoidal central court with three storeys and one attic half-storey. The ground floor is on a platform that compensates the uneven ground, originally surrounded by a moat, filled in 1832. The main facade has eleven window axes, optically prolonged by pilasters, doubled at the buttress corners, with cornice capitals. They are linked by sunken rectangular panels and this decoration is on all the facades. The other fronts have fourteen, thirteen and ten axes. The medieval tower has a drum with a spire. The Conference Hall was for two years the seat of the Austrian parlament and contains 22 venetian chandeliers, gilt allegorical stucco, paintings by Joseph Anton Adolph von Freenthal and a portrait of the arcibishop Kohn by Lászlo Folop. The Vassal Hall was the chapter tribunal and contains the archiepiscopal throne, the court stalls, coverings in false marmor, a neapolitan portrait of the cardinal Schrattenbach and a fresco on the ceiling, masterpiece of Franz Anton Maulpertsch. In the Hunting Room are 41 trophies, catched by the zar Alexander III in a hunting, and paintings. The Rococo Pink Room has venetian mirrors and paintings. In the Archibishop's Room is a beautiful intarsied Renaissance bed from Veneto, bought by the archibishop Korn, and paintings. The Zar's Room was the room of Alexander III during his visits and contains his portrait and that of the emperor Francis Joseph and his wife Elisabeth painted by Anton Eisle, a venetian table made of malachite with a wooden intarsio and a Florentin Gothic altar. In the Council Room are portraits of the archibishops of Olomouc, in the Throne Hall paintings by Orazio Gentileschi, Filippo Abbiati and Joseph Heintz, in the Large and Small Dining Rooms, decorated by von Freenthal, paintings by Karl Spitzweg, van Minderhout and Jan Čermák. The chapel has Rococo furniture, an altar in gilded wood, marmors and frescos by Joseph Stern, that made also the frescos in the library, that contains viennese furniture and 33000 manuscripts, incunabula, books and prints. The castle is linked to the garden through ground-floor rooms with grottoes, one of them reproducing a mine. The garden has many exotic coniferous and decidous species of tree arranged singly or in groups, some ponds and buildings: the semi-circular Pompeian Colonnade built in classical style to house sculptures from Pompei, the Max's Farmstead in French Empire style with a colonnade and projecting wings, the Baroque terraced Secret Garden, with the Colloredo Colonnade, with an arcaded corridor and a starcaise, the Chinese Pavilion, the Temple of the Friendship and the bridges Little Silver, Vase and Little Lantern, made of the iron from the town foundry. The Pleasure Garden in Italian style, constructed under von Liechtenstein-Kastelcorn by Lucchese and restored in the 20th century, has in its first section a 244 m long arcaded classical gallery with many statues and busts, fountains and the octagonal rotunda as the central element, with a ground floor gallery, articulated entrances, four grottoes with fountains, decorations with mithological scenes and a cilindrical drum surmonted by a dome and a lantern tower. Around it are simmetrically arranged beautiful plots with mazes and flower gardens, defined by low espalier hedges. The main elements of the second section are two low mounds with arbours and two rectangular ponds, laid out simmetrically on the main axis of the garden. There are also the aviary, built on a small island in a pond, and the greenhouses.

I liked very much the castle and the gardens, the most beautiful in Czech Republic, because of their beauty and decorations. It's worth to be visited if you are in Moravia (if you go there you can visit the castle only with guided tours) and justifies the inscription.

Photo: Kroměříž - Castle


Ian Cade England

Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz by Ian Cade

The Palace and Gardens are a reasonably interesting half day trip from Olomouc. The Palace is just off of the main square and there are regular tours. The interior is pretty a standard European palace, though the library was nice. I spent an inordinate amount of time looking at the two impressive Coronelli globes, which were the highlight for me.

If you would like a preview of what to expect from the interior this palace was used extensively for the interior scenes of the film Amadeus.

There is an English garden behind the palace which was reasonably nice. A little further out, about a 10 minute walk, are the more formal flower gardens. These were a little more interesting and the Rotunda and colonnade were nice accompaniments to the flower beds.

The train station is a little way from the centre but it is a fairly simple walk to the the attractions.

Overall I wouldn't recommend travelling a long way to see this site, however if you have a half day spare whilst in the area it is a fairly worthwhile trip, but if your time in Moravia is limited I would recommend spending more time wandering aimlessly in the parks and cobbled streets of Olomouc.


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Site Info

Full name: Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz

Unesco ID: 860

Inscribed: 1998

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 2   4  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 1998 - Inscribed 

Locations

The site has 2 locations.

  • Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz: Castle Garden and Castle
  • Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz: Pleasure Garden

Visitors

111 community members have visited Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz.