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Sites in Danger

YearSite Reason
Abu Mena 2001 Dramatic rise in water table
Air and Téneré 1992 region in which this site is situated has been affected by civil disturbance
Aleppo 2013 Together with all 5 other Syrian WHS, due to Civil War
Ancient villages of Northern Syria 2013 Together with all 5 other Syrian WHS, due to Civil War
Ashur 2003 Dam proposal; state of war in the country
Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery 2010 "The Committee expressed its serious concern about irreversible interventions carried out on the site as part of a major reconstruction project. The Committee believes this project will undermine the integrity and authenticity of the site and should be immediately halted." (unesco)
Bamiyan Valley 2003 "suffered from abandonment, military action and dynamite explosions. Parts of the site are inaccessible due to the presence of antipersonnel mines."
Battir 2014 As consequence of the Emergency Nomination: construction of a separation Wall
Belize Barrier Reef 2009 Due to mangrove cutting and excessive development
Bethlehem 2012 Inscribed on an emergency basis
Bosra 2013 Together with all 5 other Syrian WHS, due to Civil War
Chan Chan 1986 Conservation, restoration and management measures to be taken. Control the plundering of the site
Comoé National Park 2003 Civil unrest, poaching and lack of effective management mechanisms
Coro and its Port 2005 Deep concern over gradual and considerable deterioration in the state of conservation
Crac des Chevaliers 2013 Together with all 5 other Syrian WHS, due to Civil War
Cyrene 2016 Simultaneously with the four other World Heritage sites of Libya "because of damage caused by the conflict affecting the country and the threat of further damage it poses".
Damascus 2013 Together with all 5 other Syrian WHS, due to Civil War
Djenné 2016 Due to insecurity in the area
East Rennell 2013 Due to logging
Everglades 2010 "..because of serious and continuing degradation of its aquatic ecosystem. The inscription was made at the request of the United States." (Unesco)
Everglades 1993 "...following damage caused by Hurricane Andrew and a marked deterioration in water flows and quality resulting from agricultural and urban development." (Unesco)
Garamba National Park 1996 impact of the war and civil conflicts in the Great Lakes region.
Garamba National Park 1984 very critical situation of the white rhinoceros population, now estimated to total less than 15 specimens
Ghadames 2016 Simultaneously with the four other World Heritage sites of Libya "because of damage caused by the conflict affecting the country and the threat of further damage it poses".
Hatra 2015 Due to intentional destruction by ISIS
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works 2005 "Extremely fragile nature of the buildings; Lack of maintenance for 40 years; Vandalism due to looting of re-usable materials; Damage caused by the wind"
Kahuzi-Biega National Park 1997 impact of the war and civil conflicts in the Great Lakes region
Leptis Magna 2016 Simultaneously with the four other World Heritage sites of Libya "because of damage caused by the conflict affecting the country and the threat of further damage it poses".
Liverpool 2012 "due to the proposed construction of Liverpool Waters, a massive redevelopment of the historic docklands"
Manovo-Gounda St. Floris 1997 poaching and illegal grazing
Medieval Monuments in Kosovo 2006 Difficulties to monitor the property due to political instability, post-conflict situation
Minaret of Jam 2002 Lack of protection
Mount Nimba 1992 dangers of exploitation of the iron-ore mine and the arrival of large numbers of refugees
Nan Madol 2016 conservation project needed
Niokolo-Koba National Park 2007 Critically low mammal populations, the ongoing management problems and the impacts of the proposed new dam on the Gambia river a few kilometres upstream of the park
Okapi Wildlife Reserve 1997 impact of the war and civil conflicts in the Great Lakes region
Old City of Jerusalem 1982 severe destruction followed by a rapid urbanization
Palmyra 2013 Together with all 5 other Syrian WHS, due to Civil War
Portobelo-San Lorenzo 2012 "site .. is deteriorating at a rate which could undermine the outstanding universal value for which it was inscribed."
Potosi 2014 uncontrolled mining operations, instability and risk of collapse of the Cerro Rico
Rainforests of the Atsinanana 2010 "The Committee noted that despite a decree outlawing the exploitation and export of rosewood and ebony, Madagascar continues to provide export permits for illegally logged timber." (Unesco)
Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve 2011 threatened by illegal activities
Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve 1996 agricultural intrusion and the implementation of land reform programmes
Sabratha 2016 Simultaneously with the four other World Heritage sites of Libya "because of damage caused by the conflict affecting the country and the threat of further damage it poses".
Salonga National Park 1999 Poaching and illegal encroachments
Samarra 2007 Needs preventive measures and conservation
Sana'a 2015 damage due to armed conflict
Selous Game Reserve 2014 Due to poaching
Shakhrisyabz 2016 Due to demolition of traditional housing areas
Shibam 2015 under potential threat from armed conflict, in addition to already existing problems
Simien National Park 1996 deterioration of the Walia ibex population and other large mammals (such as bushbuck and bushpig) have become extremely rare; loss of biodiversity, encroachment at the borders of the site, impacts of the road construction
Tadrart Acacus 2016 Simultaneously with the four other World Heritage sites of Libya "because of damage caused by the conflict affecting the country and the threat of further damage it poses".
Timbuktu 2012 threatened by armed conflict & to prevent trafficking in cultural objects from there
Timbuktu 1990 threat of sand encroachment
Tomb of Askia 2012 threatened by armed conflict & to prevent trafficking in cultural objects from the site
Tombs of Buganda Kings 2010 "In March 2010, fire almost completely destroyed the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga building, the main structure at the site which contained four royal Buganda tombs. The property, an outstanding example of an architectural style developed by the Buganda Kingdom since the 13th century, will be reconstructed." (unesco)
Tropical Rainforest Sumatra 2011 four proposed roads, ongoing encroachment, poaching and illegal logging
Virunga National Park 1994 impact of the war and civil conflicts in the Great Lakes region.
Zabid 2000 Condition of the historic buildings

Sites formerly in Danger

YearSite Reason
Angkor 1992 urgent problems of conservation
Bahla Fort 1988 Degradation of the structures
Bam Cultural Landscape 2004 earthquake
Butrint 1997 Site of Butrinti and its museum were looted during the civil disturbances in Albania
Cologne Cathedral 2004 Visual impact of high-rise building projects
Djoudj 2000 Threat by the introduced species Salvinia molesta
Djoudj 1984 threatened by a large hydro-agricultural project
Dubrovnik 1991 armed conflict
Fort and Shalamar Gardens 2000 Major operations are necessary to protect
Galapagos Islands 2007 Serious conservation threats have intensified
Hampi 1999 Integrity threats, construction of two cable-suspended bridges
Ichkeul National Park 1996 construction of two dams had limited freshwater flow and devastated the wetland values
Iguacu 1999 Four issues: The Colon road, helicopter flights, dams on the Iguacu River, and management planning.
Kathmandu Valley 2003 Loss of authenticity and threat of uncontrolled development
Kotor 1979 earthquake
Los Katios National Park 2009 "To help mobilize international support for the preservation of the property which is threatened by, notably, deforestation in areas inside and around the property due to the illegal extraction of timber"
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary 1992 damage caused by the invasion of this Sanctuary by militants from the Bodo tribe
Mtskheta 2009 Concerns over preservation (deterioration of stone work and frescoes)
Ngorongoro 1984 Management shortcomings
Plitvice Lakes 1992 Due to hostilities in neighbouring villages
Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras 2001 Abandoning of the terraces
Royal Palaces of Abomey 1985 considerable damage caused by the 1984 tornado
Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara 2004 Continuing deterioration and serious threats
Rwenzori Mountains 1999 Security situation
Sangay National Park 1992 heavy poaching of wildlife, illegal livestock grazing and encroachment
Srebarna Nature Reserve 1992 "series of upstream interferences, including the Iron Gates Dam, have permanently altered the natural hydrology of the Danube River in the region and that of Srebarna, located downstream along the river"
Tipasa 2002 Integrity of the site
Walled City of Baku 2003 Loss of authenticity due in part to the earthquake in 2000 and to the urban development pressures
Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines 1989 serious degradation of this property (cave-ins, water seepage)
Yellowstone 1995 proposed mining activity adjacent to the park boundary