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World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Maroonage

Maroons (from the Latin American Spanish word cimarrón: "feral animal, fugitive, runaway") were African refugees who escaped from slavery in the Americas and formed independent settlements.

The connection belongs to Human Activity connections.

Connected Sites

  • Alejandro de Humboldt National Park: During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries some peripheral places were used as refuges or camps by maroons. Wiki
  • Blue and John Crow Mountains: The region provided refuge to escaped indigenous slaves, the traces of which can be seen at Maroon archaeological sites such as hiding-places and a network of trails. The ‘Windward Maroons’ of the Blue Mountains region were one of two Maroon strongholds in Jamaica.
  • Le Morne: Testimony to maroonage or resistance to slavery
  • Pitons of Reunion: ... from 1807 with sugar plantations for which labor came from Africa, Madagascar, India, Malaya and China, soon relegated to the status of slaves. The Cirque de Cilaos was cultivated for nearly 100 years by escaped slaves known as marrons whose leaders names are commemorated in the landscape of the cirques (UNEP-WCMC)
  • Viñales Valley: Slaves from Africa worked on the crop fields here. Also, escaped slaves often found refuge in the caves of the Valley. The Pan de Azucar site contains the ruins of the biggest hacienda, where slaves were taught different trades.

Suggestions?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source