The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, commonly known as the Knights Templar or the Order of the Temple, were among the most famous of the Western Christian military orders. The organization existed for approximately two centuries in the Middle Ages.
The connection belongs to History connections.
- Causses and Cévennes: It was the leadership of the Knights Templar and Hospitaler that brought real development to the Causse plateaus. Link
- Convent of Christ in Tomar: The castle of Tomar was built in 1168 as part of the defence system created by the Templars to secure the Portuguese border against the Moors which at the time (mid-12th century) corresponded approximately to the Tagus. Although the Knights Templar was disbanded across Europe after 1312 it survived in Portugal as "The Order of Christ" created in 1319 and Tomar became its HQ
- Old City of Acre: Became the Order's HQ until 1291 after Saladin had taken Jerusalem in 1187.
- Old City of Jerusalem: Founded there in 1119 by 2 veterans of the first Crusade. The Order used the Al Aqsa Mosque on Temple Mount as HQ and hence took the name "Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon", or "Templar" knights. Initially the Order had few financial resources and consisted of only around 9 knights. Their emblem was of two knights riding on a single horse, emphasizing the Order's poverty. This rapidly changed however and, by 1129, it had become a favoured charity throughout Christendom. It ran into hositility for its wealth, power and ambition. It was disbanded by the Pope in 1307 and authority given for its assets to be seized by monarchs across Europe.
- Route of Santiago de Compostela: Ponferrado - Castillo de los Templarios, a Templar castle created after 1178 when Fernando II of León donated the city to the Templar order for protecting pilgrims on the route.
- Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France: "Aragnouet: Hospice du Plan and Chapel of Notre-Dame-del?Assomption, known as the Chapel of the Templars". Taken over by the Hospitallers after disbanding of KT.
- Segovia: Iglesia de la Vera Cruz built by Knights Templar
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